The Nordic Model
The active Nordic labour market policy has two main objectives: To ensure the right of every individual to participate in the labour market and to ensure that the enterprises get the labour they need. In order to create an inclusive labour market it is necessary to motivate, educate, activate, integrate and support individuals through different programs.The following articles illustrate how Nordic countries tackle the challenge of unacceptable unemployment and exclusion from the labour market.
At the start of the 1990s, the question was asked whether the Nordic model could survive. Many employers claimed that collective agreements and central bargaining were not flexible enough to provide industry with favourable enough terms. The level of organisation among employees fell. Wage earners, too, advocated many individual solutions. But the model has proved to be more resilient than many believed.
It is better to change the workplace than to force people into early retirement. This is the catch phrase of a reform currently taking place in Denmark. New ways of working have been introduced: flexible working arrangements and sheltered employment.
Being unemployed for long periods is neither good for one's self-confidence, health or psychological state. If you cannot find a job quickly, your chances of finding a job lessen. Sweden is currently making a big effort to get the long-term unemployed back to work.
Norway is making a conscious effort to encourage more older people to stay in work longer. This move is aimed at fighting the myth that older people cannot keep up with developments and making it worthwhile for companies to hold onto their older workforce.